Melilla Spanien Die einzigartige Lage
Melilla (Aussprache: [meˈliʎa], Zentralatlas-Tamazight ⵎⵕⵉⵜⵛ Mṛitc) ist eine spanische Stadt an der nordafrikanischen Mittelmeerküste mit einer. Ceuta (Aussprache: [ˈθeu̯ta], arabisch سبتة, DMG Sabta; marokkanisches Tamazight ⵙⴰⴱⵜⴰ) ist eine spanische Stadt an der nordafrikanischen Küste und der Straße von Gibraltar mit Einwohnern (Stand 1. Januar ). Ceuta gehört als spanische Exklave zur Europäischen Union, nicht aber zur Seit haben Ceuta und Melilla den Status einer „autonomen Stadt“. Sie kaufen in der spanischen Stadt ein, tanken für weniger Geld. „Von diesem Grenzverkehr und den Zöllen zehrt Melilla“, sagt Gewerkschaftsmann Gutiérrez. Melilla öffnet eine Welt voller Traditionen, kultureller Vielfalt und einzigartigen Sehenswürdigkeiten. Die autonome Stadt Melilla auf einen Blick. Land: Spanien. Melilla ist eine spanische autonome Stadt (Ciudades autónomas) an der Mittelmeerküste von Marokko. Wie Ceuta gehört sie politisch zu Spanien, geografisch.
Ceuta (Aussprache: [ˈθeu̯ta], arabisch سبتة, DMG Sabta; marokkanisches Tamazight ⵙⴰⴱⵜⴰ) ist eine spanische Stadt an der nordafrikanischen Küste und der Straße von Gibraltar mit Einwohnern (Stand 1. Januar ). Ceuta gehört als spanische Exklave zur Europäischen Union, nicht aber zur Seit haben Ceuta und Melilla den Status einer „autonomen Stadt“. Sie kaufen in der spanischen Stadt ein, tanken für weniger Geld. „Von diesem Grenzverkehr und den Zöllen zehrt Melilla“, sagt Gewerkschaftsmann Gutiérrez. Wieder sind Flüchtlinge von Marokko aus in die spanische Exklave In den er Jahren zog Spanien Grenzzäune in Melilla hoch, aber.
Wahrscheinlich sind es noch mehr, weil Tausende Marokkaner illegal in der Stadt leben. Migranten aus Subsahara-Afrika versuchen immer wieder, über Algerien und Marokko nach Melilla und von dort weiter nach Spanien oder in andere Länder der Europäischen Union zu gelangen.
Während der Grenzübertritte kam es seitdem zu insgesamt 15 Todesfällen. Marokko schob Migranten, die an den Grenzanlagen von Melilla abgewiesen wurden, in südliche Nachbarländer ab; dabei wurde Marokko von internationalen Hilfsorganisationen beschuldigt, sie in der Wüste ausgesetzt zu haben.
Im Juni gelangten in zwei Wellen erneut Dutzende afrikanischer Migranten in die spanische Exklave.
Dabei sollen auch mehrere Grenzpolizisten verletzt worden sein. Juni durchbrachen etwa 30 Personen die Grenzbefestigung zum spanischen Hoheitsgebiet.
August gelang es 40 von Personen, den Grenzzaun zu überwinden. Mai kletterten Personen über den Grenzzaun.
Januar waren es Oktober versuchten über , vorwiegend männliche, Afrikaner aus Ländern südlich der Sahara, nach Melilla zu gelangen.
Einer davon erlitt dabei einen Herzstillstand, 19 weitere wurden verletzt. Juli versuchten Afrikaner in einer koordinierten Aktion die Grenzbefestigungen zu überwinden; etwa 50 gelangten dabei auf EU-Gebiet.
Die wichtigsten Wirtschaftszweige Melillas sind die Fischverarbeitung und der Schiffbau. Weitere wirtschaftliche Stützen der Stadt sind der grenzüberschreitende Handel und finanzielle Transfers vom spanischen Festland und anderen Staaten der EU.
Offizielle Währung ist allein der Euro , in vielen Geschäften werden aber auch marokkanische Dirhams angenommen. As of , Melilla had a population of 86, Spanish and Riffian-Berber are the two most widely spoken languages, the former being the official language.
Melilla, just like Ceuta and other Spain's remaining territories in Africa, is subject to an irredentist claim by Morocco.
The original name currently rendered as Rusadir , was a Phoenician name, coming from the name given to the nearby Cape Three Forks.
Addir meant "powerful". Meanwhile, the etymology of the current city name dating back to the 9th century, rendered as Melilla in Spanish is uncertain.
An active apicultural location in the past, the name has been related to honey ; this is tentatively backed up by two ancient coins featuring a bee as well as the inscriptions RSADR and RSA.
Later Rome absorbed it as part of the Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana. Rusaddir is mentioned by Ptolemy IV, 1 and Pliny V, 18 who called it "oppidum et portus" a fortified town and port.
As centuries passed, it was ruled by Vandal , Byzantine and Hispano-Visigothic bands. The political history is similar to that of towns in the region of the Moroccan Rif and southern Spain.
During the 15th century, the city subsumed into decadence, just like most of the rest of cities of the Kingdom of Fez located along the Mediterranean coast, eclipsed by those along the Atlantic facade.
During the late 17th century, Alaouite sultan Ismail Ibn Sharif attempted to conquer the city,  taking the outer forts protecting the city in the s and further unsuccessfully besieging the city in the s.
One Spanish officer reflected, "an hour in Melilla, from the point of view of merit, was worth more than thirty years of service to Spain.
The current limits of the Spanish territory around the Melilla fortress were fixed by treaties with Morocco in , , , and In the late 19th century, as Spanish influence expanded in this area, the Crown authorized Melilla as the only centre of trade on the Rif coast between Tetuan and the Algerian frontier.
The value of trade increased, with goat skins, eggs and beeswax being the principal exports, and cotton goods, tea, sugar and candles being the chief imports.
In a Hispano-Moroccan arrangement signed in Fes , both parts agreed to allow for the installment of a customs office near the border with Melilla, to be operated by Moroccan officials.
The Treaty of Peace with Morocco that followed the —60 War entailed the acquisition of a new city perimetre for Melilla, bringing its area to the 12 km 2 the city currently stands.
In , the Rif Berbers launched the First Melillan campaign to take back this area; Spain sent 25, Spanish soldiers to defend against them.
The new agreement with Morocco that followed the Margallo War between Spaniards and Riffian tribesmen increased trade with the hinterland, bringing the economic prosperity of the city to a new level.
The turn of the new century saw however the attempts by France based in French Algeria to profit from their newly acquired sphere of influence in Morocco to counter the trading prowess of Melilla by fostering trade links with the Algerian cities of Ghazaouet and Oran.
They started to construct a railway between the port and the mines. In October of that year the Bou Hmara's vassals revolted against him and raided the mines, which remained closed until June By July the workmen were again attacked and several were killed.
Severe fighting between the Spaniards and the tribesmen followed, in the Second Melillan campaign that took place in the vicinity of Melilla.
In , the Spaniards restarted the mines and undertook harbor works at Mar Chica, but hostilities broke out again in The Spanish retreated to Melilla, leaving most of the protectorate under the control of the Republic of Rif.
A statue of Francisco Franco , the putschist general assuming the control of the Army of Africa in , is still prominently featured, the last statue of Franco in Spain.
The visit also sparked protests from the Moroccan government. Melilla and Ceuta have declared the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha or Feast of the Sacrifice, as an official public holiday from onward.
This is the first time a non-Christian religious festival has been officially celebrated in Spain since the Reconquista.
In , Morocco decided to close the customs office near Melilla, in operation since the mid 19th century, without consulting the counterparty.
Melilla is located in the northwest of the African continent, in the shores of the Alboran Sea , a marginal sea of the Mediterranean , the latter's westernmost portion.
The Moroccan settlement of Beni Ansar lies immediately south of Melilla. The nearest Moroccan city is Nador , and the ports of Melilla and Nador are both within the same bay; nearby is the Bou Areg Lagoon .
Melilla has a warm Mediterranean climate influenced by its proximity to the sea, rendering much cooler summers and more precipitation than inland areas deeper into Africa.
The climate, in general, is similar to the southern coast of peninsular Spain and the northern coast of Morocco, with relatively small temperature differences between seasons.
The assembly is a member body whose members are elected through universal suffrage every 4 years in closed party lists following the schedule of local elections at the national level.
Its members are called "local deputies " but they rather enjoy the status of concejales municipal councillors. The president of Melilla who, often addressed as Mayor-President, also exerts the roles of Mayor, president of the Assembly, president of the Council of Government and representative of the city  is invested by the Assembly.
After local elections, the president is invested through a qualified majority from among the leaders of the election lists, or, failing to achieve the former, the leader of the most voted list at the election is invested to the office.
The Council of Government is the traditional collegiate executive body for parliamentary systems. Unlike the municipal government boards in the standard ayuntamientos , the members of the Council of Government including the Vice-Presidents do not need to be members of the assembly.
Melilla is the city in Spain with the highest proportion of postal voting ;  vote buying via mail-in ballots is widely reported to be a common practice in the poor neighborhoods of Melilla.
Melilla is subdivided into eight districts distritos , which are further subdivided into neighbourhoods barrios :.
The Gross domestic product GDP of the autonomous community was 1. The principal industry is fishing. Cross-border commerce legal or smuggled and Spanish and European grants and wages are the other income sources.
Melilla is regularly connected to the Iberian peninsula by air and sea traffic and is also economically connected to Morocco: most of its fruit and vegetables are imported across the border.
Moroccans in the city's hinterland are attracted to it: 36, Moroccans cross the border daily to work, shop or trade goods.
Spanish operators Air Europa and Iberia operate in Melilla's airport. Many people travelling between Europe and Morocco use the ferry links to Melilla, both for passengers and for freight.
Some people also use the day to protest that Melilla should be part of Morocco rather than Spain. The Day of Melilla is a public holiday in the city of Melilla, but not the rest of Spain, on September Public life is generally very quiet and most businesses and other organizations are closed.
Most stores are closed, although some bakers and food stores may be open. Public transport services may run as normal or to a reduced schedule.
Melilla is an autonomous Spanish city on the northern coast of Africa. All of its land borders are with Morocco and the Mediterranean separates it from mainland Spain.
They claimed Melilla for the Crown of Castile, an Iberian dynasty. These events are marked each year on Melilla Day. Some people in Melilla do not celebrate the Day of Melilla, as they feel that the city should not be under Spanish control, but part of Morocco.
Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. See all. Ciudad Vieja. Hernandez Park. Triangulo de Oro del Modernismo. Ciudad Autonoma de Melilla.
Plaza de Espana. Plaza de Toros La Mezquita del Toreo. Africa Travel. Almacenes de las Penuelas. Go Rest. A mix of the charming, modern, and tried and true.
Tryp Melilla Puerto Hotel. Parador de Melilla. Hotel Rusadir. Go Eat. Can't-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast.
El Caracol Moderno. La Traviata. Gastrobar La Cala. El Rincon-Casa Sadia. Discoburguer CB. La Posada de Paco Benitez. Mar De Alboran.
CASA Martin. Casa Juanito La Barca. Bar La gaviota. Most stores are closed, although some bakers and food stores may be open.
Public transport services may run as normal or to a reduced schedule. Melilla is an autonomous Spanish city on the northern coast of Africa.
All of its land borders are with Morocco and the Mediterranean separates it from mainland Spain. They claimed Melilla for the Crown of Castile, an Iberian dynasty.
These events are marked each year on Melilla Day. Some people in Melilla do not celebrate the Day of Melilla, as they feel that the city should not be under Spanish control, but part of Morocco.
The flag of Melilla consists of a pale blue rectangle that is one-and-a-half times as wide as it is high. The coat of arms of Melilla is at the center of the flag.
This consists of two pillars representing the Straits of Gibraltar, a crown, a castle, baskets of serpents and a dragon. We diligently research and continuously update our holiday dates and information.
If you find a mistake, please let us know. The Day of Extremadura marks the anniversary of the Virgin Mary's birth.
It is a local public holiday in Extremadura, Spain, on September 8. It is an annual local public holiday in the autonomous community of Asturias in Spain on September 8.
The Day of Catalonia commemorates the end of the siege of Barcelona in